CRISIS PREVENTION PLAN
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By behavioral crisis we mean explosive behavior, that is
manifests itself at school, in the family or in other places.
Behavioral crises are identifiable both in certified pupils: autism,
ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder … both in non-certified pupils with problems
of various kinds: family, social … or without evidence of problems.
It is therefore a question of disruptive and destructive behaviors, which today are found in
increasing way in the school population.
Behavioral crises can result from conditions that do not arise a
school, but they originate in the pupils’ personal, family and social problems.
They are situations of risk for people and things, they demonstrate and determine great
suffering, they generate deep disturbance in everyday life, therefore they require one
specific pedagogical-didactic intervention and a precise organizational structure inside
the school. These aspects can only be defined and evaluated in their effectiveness
if specific documents are drawn up in which the tasks of each are defined, the
behavioral procedures, documentation of events; prepare the Plan
General and Individual is necessary in order not to leave single pupils e
teachers at the mercy of events and, above all, to put people in safety
Furthermore, experience and research in recent years have shown that a lot
situations are often modifiable, one is convinced that it is possible to intervene
educationally in terms of containment in situations of behavioral crisis,
and intervene in terms of prevention to avoid them, reduce them, weaken them.
- WHAT IS A PLAN FOR THE PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE
BEHAVIORAL CRISIS IN SCHOOL AND WHAT IS HER
The Plan is a fundamental tool for enabling schools to address
behavioral crisis situations in a specific, organized, competent way.
A Plan basically consists of two distinct documents:
- a) The General Plan (protocol), which concerns the guidelines of the school’s action
- b) The Individual Plan, which refers to each individual student who manifests a crisis
Each Plan includes two lines of action:
– Pathways to prevent behavioral crises, or to reduce them in intensity and
attendance (which is a didactic work that concerns both the class groups and the pupils
present the crises) Objective: to understand and teach
– The methods of intervention when a behavioral crisis occurs
(who does what, how) Objective: De-escalation and containment of the crisis; debriefing
pedagogical after the crisis.
The drafting of the Plan concerns and involves not only the school: the crises
behavioral conditions may arise from conditions that do not arise in school, but
they originate in the pupils’ personal, family and social problems.
If the crises occur mainly at school, it is because the school is the context
where pupils spend most of their time and where they have the largest
network of social relationships “in presence” (not virtual as on social media).
When behavioral crises occur, a close alliance must be made between
school, health care, social services, families (both that of the pupil who manifests the crisis.